Trait #2 - Organization

5 Rating:

The organization enhances the central idea of the work. The order, structure, or presentation moves the reader through the text.

  • Details seem to fit where they are placed; sequencing is logical and effective.
  • The beginning engages the reader and the conclusion leaves the reader with a sense of finality.
  • Pacing is well controlled; the writer delivers needed information at just the time, then moves on.
  • Transitions are smooth and weave the separate parts into a cohesive whole.
  • Organization flows so smoothly that the reader hardly thinks about it.


3 Rating:

The organizational structure is strong enough to move the reader from point to point without confusion.

  • The paper has a recognizable beginning and conclusion. The beginning may not create a strong sense of engagement; the conclusion may not leave the reader with a strong sense of finality; it may just seem to quit.
  • Sequencing is usually logical. It may sometimes seem too obvious, or otherwise ineffective.
  • Pacing is fairly well controlled, though the writer sometimes spurts ahead or spends too much time on the obvious.
  • Transitions often work well; at times though, connections between ideas are fuzzy or call for inferences.
  • Despite a few problems, the organization does not get in the way of the main point.



1 Rating:

The writer lacks a clear sense of direction. Ideas and details seem strung together in a random, haphazard fashion--or else there is no identifiable internal structure at all. More than one of the following problems is likely to be evident:

  • The writer has not yet drafted a real beginning or conclusion.
  • Transitions are not yet clearly defined; connections between ideas seem confusing or incomplete.
  • Sequencing, if it exists, needs work.
  • Pacing feels awkward, with lots of time spent on minor details or big, hard-to-follow leaps from point to point.
  • Lack of organization makes it hard for the reader to get a grip on the main point.

General Outline of an Essay

Introductions Conclusions and Paragraphing

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